Wednesday, February 26, 2014

"Abolitionist or Terrorist?"

"Historic" Charleston, South Carolina's continued soft-pedaling of the atrocity that was US slavery:

Sunday, January 19, 2014

President Obama and US Racial Fantasies

I used to teach Benito Cereno, by Herman Melville, in a graduate course on the making of race in the US. Read the following for an Emperor's New Clothes calling out of the racism that underlies many criticisms of President Obama:

"Obama, Melville and the Tea Party"

Tuesday, January 14, 2014

What Does Our Prison Population Say About US/U.S.?

According to this NYT opinion piece, John Dewey once said, “[T]he best way to judge a culture is to see what kind of people are in the jails.”

What does our prison population say about US?

Analyzing the prison industrial complex through political theory.

And what's a racial democracy anyway?

Tuesday, April 23, 2013

More of the same: "Slavery By Another Name"

We are reading Toni Morrison's Beloved this week, and the section on Paul D's experience on a chain gang reminded me of a book (and documentary), titled Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II, that reports on the systematic use of imprisonment and chain gangs to suppress blacks after Emancipation and to coerce unpaid labor. This work is also relevant to Ellison's Invisible Man, specifically, the character Brother Tarp, who served on a chain gang for many years. His "souvenir" leg chain connects his experience to the experience of slavery, which is also symbolized by a leg chain on display at the narrator's school (modeled on Tuskegee) that comes earlier in the novel.

The book, Slavery By Another Name, by Douglas Blackmon, won a Pulitzer in 2009 (see blurb below). PBS aired the documentary in January 2013. For more on the book and to view the documentary, go to

Pulitzer Prize

New York, NY (April 20, 2009) — Columbia University awarded its 93rd Annual Pulitzer Prize in the General Nonfiction category to “Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II,” by Douglas A. Blackmon (Doubleday), a precise and eloquent work that examines a deliberate system of racial suppression and that rescues a multitude of atrocities from virtual obscurity.

Monday, April 1, 2013

Confederate Flag: Heritage or Racism? One of my favorite American binaries!

Confederate flag at old N.C. Capitol coming down

A Confederate battle flag hung inside the old North Carolina State Capitol last week to mark the sesquicentennial of the Civil War is being taken down after civil rights leaders raised concerns.
The decision was announced Friday evening, hours after the Associated Press published a story about the flag, which officials said was part of an historical display intended to replicate how the antebellum building appeared in 1863. The flag had been planned to hang in the House chamber until April 2015, the 150th anniversary of the arrival of federal troops in Raleigh.
“This is a temporary exhibit in an historic site, but I’ve learned the governor’s administration is going to use the old House chamber as working space,” Cultural Resources Secretary Susan Kluttz said Friday night. “Given that information, this display will end this weekend rather than April of 2015.”
Kim Genardo, the spokeswoman for Gov. Pat McCrory, said the exhibit that includes the Confederate battle flag will be relocated, possibly across the street to the N.C. Museum of History.
The decision was a quick about-face for the McCrory administration, which initially defended the display. Many people see the flag as a potent reminder of racial discrimination and bigotry.
State Historic Sites Director Keith Hardison had said Thursday the flag should be viewed in what he called the proper historical context.
“Our goal is not to create issues,” said Hardison, a Civil War re-enactor and history buff. “Our goal is to help people understand issues of the past. … If you refuse to put something that someone might object to or have a concern with in the exhibit, then you are basically censoring history.”
North Carolina NAACP president Rev. William Barber was shocked Friday when he was shown a photo of the flag by the AP.
“He is right that it has a historical context,” Barber said. “But what is that history? The history of racism. The history of lynchings. The history of death. The history of slavery. If you say that shouldn’t be offensive, then either you don’t know the history, or you are denying the history.”
Barber couldn’t immediately be reached Friday night, after the decision to take down the flag.
Sessions of the General Assembly moved to a newer building a half-century ago, but the old Capitol building is still routinely used as a venue for official state government events. McCrory’s office is on the first floor, as are the offices of his chief of staff and communications staff.
The Republican governor was in the House chamber where the Confederate flag hangs as recently as Thursday, when he presided over the swearing-in ceremony of his new Highway Patrol commander.
The presentation of the Confederate battle flag at state government buildings has long been an issue of debate throughout the South. For more than a decade, the NAACP has urged its members to boycott South Carolina because of that state’s display of the flag on the State House grounds.
Prior to taking his current job in North Carolina in 2006, Hardison worked as director at the Mississippi home of Confederate President Jefferson Davis, which is operated as a museum and library owned by the Sons of Confederate Veterans. The group has led the fight in the South for the proud display of the Confederate flag, which it contends is a symbol of heritage, not hate.
Hardison said the battle flag was displayed with other flags described in the diary of a North Carolina woman who visited the Capitol in 1863. A large U.S. flag displayed in the Senate chamber is reminiscent of a trophy of war captured from Union troops at the Battle of Plymouth.
“I thought, wouldn’t it be wonderful to recreate this?” Hardison said. “I think we were all thinking along the same vein. … The Capitol is both a working seat of government, in that the governor and his staff has his office there. But it is also a museum.”
Hardison pointed out that the national flag used by the Confederate government, with its circle of white stars and red and white stripes, is still flown over the State Capitol dome each year on Confederate Memorial Day. The more familiar blood-red battle flag, featuring a blue “X” studded with white stars, was used by the rebel military.
David Goldfield, a history professor at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte and author of the book “Still Fighting the Civil War,” said the battle flag can hold starkly different meanings depending on a person’s social perspective.
“The history of the Confederate battle flag, how it was designed and formulated, how it has been used through the years, clearly states that it is a flag of white supremacy,” Goldfield said. “I know current Sons of Confederate Veterans would dispute that, saying ‘Hey, I’m not a racist.’ But the fact remains that the battle flag was used by a country that had as its foundation the protection and extension of human bondage.” (AP)

Thursday, February 21, 2013

Audience Awareness

The three-fifths compromise that counted slaves toward slaveholding states' representation in Congress--a good example of setting aside differences in politics, says the president of Emory University, and one we should follow today!

A student in my African American lit. class told me that the chapter on the Civil War in her little sister's Virginia high school US history textbook is titled "The War of Northern Aggression."

I guess we don't study history to avoid making the same mistakes because . . . we didn't make any!